Cyndy Bittinger


Cyndy Bittinger is a writer and historian, who teaches at the Community College of Vermont. Her latest book is, "Vermont Women, Native Americans and African Americans: Out of the Shadows of History."

Jon Gilbert Fox

For one of First Lady Grace Coolidge’s January birthdays, the bell ringer at Edwards Congregational Church in Northampton, Massachusetts where she lived, rang out “Happy Birthday” in her honor. That was quite a tribute to a first lady who was usually so modest. She had grown up in Burlington and graduated from the University of Vermont in 1902 - where a dormitory is named for her and a room in Waterman Hall is dedicated to her. Champlain College in Burlington has saved her family home on upper Maple Street where she was married to Calvin Coolidge in 1905, but while her birthplace on St.

It’s true that Vermont went through a period of racial and religious intolerance in the 1920’s and thirties with the Ku Klux Klan and eugenics - the highly controversial practice of selective breeding to rid the human race of so-called “defectives.”