Vic Henningsen

Commentator

Vic Henningsen is a teacher and historian.

For commentaries from Vic from before April 2013, visit the VPR Archive.

When Congress passed the Social Security Act in 1935 planners believed the scheme would work forever. After all, average life expectancy for American women was 63; 60 for men. Actuarial tables demonstrated that those who reached 65 didn’t last much longer and wouldn’t drain the system by collecting benefits for years and years.

The most common body of water in Vermont is probably the farm pond, built for a practical purpose. Ours used to water livestock, but it really was built purely for fun.

South Carolina’s legislative debate over the Confederate battle flag pitted those viewing it as an honorable symbol of courage and sacrifice against others who regard it as an emblem of terror and oppression.

Did George W. Bush do liberals a favor nominating John Roberts to succeed the late Chief Justice William Rehnquist, instead of following Sandra Day O’Connor as originally planned?

In July 1776 Abigail Adams faced one of the most difficult challenges of her life. And, like many women at the time, she did it alone.

From my college days, I vividly recall a professor of modern European history chastising students for seeking universal truths in the study of the past. “History is an endless debate,” he proclaimed, “Our understanding of the past is always changing. Nothing stands still.”

I once heard an environmental scientist describe her work as “documenting the decline.” At the time, I thought her overly pessimistic. Now I’m not so sure. Three recent developments should command our attention.

The ice is only just out in the 30,000 islands of Lake Huron’s Georgian Bay, the world’s largest fresh-water archipelago. The channel markers aren’t up yet, so the boat trip that ends two days’ travel to the family island takes longer than usual. Here we join a dozen or so of my wife’s far-flung relatives for three days of opening camp.

"[H]ere,” said the Red Queen in Alice in Wonderland, “ it takes all the running you can do, to keep in the same place. If you want to get somewhere else, you must run at least twice as fast as that!” For many that’s not fantasy – that’s life. And we try to escape it in long walks or silent retreats - anything to slow down. Recently I discovered that international travel offers a similar haven.

As they consider the current house bill mandating school district consolidation many Vermonters seem wary of both intended and unintended consequences. They’re right.

In 1972, when asked his opinion of the French Revolution’s effect on world history, Chinese Foreign Minister Chou En Lai responded, “Too soon to tell.”

A long view, to be sure, but many historians prefer it. Only time provides the perspective necessary for genuine understanding.

For five hundred years, beginning in the 10th century, China was the world’s greatest economic power: trading across the southwest Pacific and the Indian Ocean, into the Persian Gulf and Red Sea.

Thomas Jefferson supposedly called Town Meeting the "wisest invention ever devised by the wit of man for the perfect exercise of self government and for its preservation." That’s something to cling to if tempers rise and snarky comments fly. Too often, this annual gathering can feel more like an old-fashioned witch hunt.

People don’t vaccinate their children for many reasons: they worry about what’s in vaccines, don’t trust corporations that make them; fear long-term effects; believe government shouldn’t interfere with personal choice; and think their kids are protected if most others are vaccinated.

From Alan Turing single-handedly defeating the U-Boat menace in The Imitation Game to Stephen Hawking redefining space and time in The Theory of Everything, this year’s best picture nominees exemplify a time-honored Hollywood tradition – the over-the-top historical biography.

Sometime during the third week of January we mark the “turn of winter.” Days have been lengthening since the Winter Solstice, in December, but increasing sunlight doesn’t really dent Vermont’s cold for another month. Starting now we should experience a gradual rise in the normal mean temperature.

To meet challenges of a new era, the animals created a school. To make it fair, and easier to oversee, all animals took the same subjects.

The duck was an ace swimmer, a good flier, but a hopeless runner. The rabbit was a fabulous runner, but fell behind in swimming. The squirrel climbed well, but struggled with the flying curriculum, which mandated starting from the bottom up, rather than from the treetop down. The eagle was a good climber, but insisted on his own way of doing it.

This is, the song tells us, “the most wonderful time of the year.” Chestnuts roasting... Sleighbells jingling... Peace on Earth...

It’s a shame, then, that in fulfilling pledges to be home for the holidays and spread Goodwill to men, so many of us end up behaving so badly. From competitive shopping to fighting for space in overhead compartments, this is a season that’s not for the faint of heart.

Curriculum reform can work, but it requires the right conditions. I’m reminded of a school whose history department developed a 9th grade world history course. Research and planning took two years. Would they follow a narrative or go by topic? What readings would work for their students? What historical skills to stress? How would they assess?

They field tested in Year Three: introducing segments of the proposed course into the existing 9 th grade course. Planners got regular feedback from students and teachers, which led to further analysis, discussion, and revision.

For those of us who grew up during the Cold War, when “duck-and-cover” air raid drills occurred in school as often as fire drills, the Berlin Wall was the symbol of what John Kennedy called “a long twilight struggle.” On one side beckoned the Free World; on the other, Communism imprisoned millions.  The wall’s solidity reflected the reality of a bi-polar world, a seemingly permanent stalemate. So for most people, the sudden demolition of the Wall and the later collapse of the Soviet Union came as shocks.

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