Policies and Practices

The following VPR policies are on this page:

The Public Media Code Of Integrity

VPR supports the Public Media Code of Integrity, a national code which describes our commitment to trust and integrity in public media.

Public broadcasters have adopted shared principles to strengthen the trust and integrity that communities expect of valued public service institutions.

Public media organizations contribute to a strong civil society and active community life, provide access to knowledge and culture, extend education, and offer varied viewpoints and sensibilities.

The freedom of public media professionals to make editorial decisions without undue influence is essential. It is rooted in America's commitment to free speech and a free press. It is reflected in the unique and critical media roles that federal, state, and local leaders have encouraged and respected across the years. It is affirmed by the courts.

Trust is equally fundamental. Public media organizations create and reinforce trust through rigorous, voluntary standards for the integrity of programming and services, fundraising, community interactions, and organizational governance.

These standards of integrity apply to all the content public media organizations produce and present, regardless of subject matter, including news, science, history, information, music, arts, and culture. These standards apply across all public media channels and platforms - broadcasting, online, social media, print, media devices, and in-person events.

Public media, individually and collectively:

  • Contribute to communities' civic, educational, and cultural life by presenting a range of ideas and cultures and offering a robust forum for discussion and debate.
  • Commit to accuracy and integrity in the pursuit of facts about events, issues, and important matters that affect communities and people's lives.
  • Pursue fairness and responsiveness in content and services, with particular attention to reflecting diversity of demography, culture, and beliefs.
  • Aim for transparency in news gathering, reporting, and other content creation and share the reasons for important editorial and programming choices.
  • Protect the editorial process from the fact and appearance of undue influence, exercising care in seeking and accepting funds and setting careful boundaries between contributors and content creators.
  • Encourage understanding of fundraising operations and practices, acknowledge program sponsors, and disclose content-related terms of sponsor support.
  • Maintain respectful and accountable relationships with individual and organizational contributors.
  • Seek editorial partnerships and collaborations to enhance capacity, perspective, timeliness, and relevance and apply public media standards to these arrangements.
  • Expect employees to uphold public media's integrity in their personal as well as their professional lives, understanding that employee actions, even when "off the clock," affect trust, integrity, credibility, and impartiality.
  • Promote the common good, the public interest, and these commitments to integrity and trustworthiness in organizational governance, leadership, and management.

The Public Media Code of Integrity was developed by the Affinity Group Coalition and the Station Resource Group, collectively representing public television and radio stations and service organizations from across the country, with support from the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.

VPR Editorial Policy

VPR News is an essential regional news source that provides coverage of developing news, an overview of regional news, and in-depth reporting. It informs and educates listeners with breaking stories, features, interviews and call-in programs. As a member station, VPR News complements the extensive resources of National Public Radio, which provides coverage of national and world events and issues. Through this unique medium, the station reflects the diverse voices of the region.

Vermont Public Radio is an independent and non-partisan news organization that subscribes to the highest standards of journalism. The public radio journalism guidebook "Independence and Integrity" summarizes our goals eloquently: "Reporting that is fair, accurate and balanced is true to the ideals of journalism. Such reporting filters out bias in the traditional spirit of objectivity, while allowing reporters to apply their personal insights and engagement with the issues they cover. It results in the healthy skepticism, tempered by the positive pursuit of truth that marks the best journalists."

Story selection is determined by a number of factors, including public service, a system of topical coverage, news value, geographic balance, listener interest, and commitment to diversity.

To maintain its independence and integrity, which is paramount, VPR has established a firewall so that VPR News is free from influence to select and report the news fairly and accurately.

VPR News utilizes the codes of ethics of NPR, Public Radio News Directors Inc., the Radio-Television News Directors Association, and the Society of Professional Journalists.

VPR News stories and programs advance no political point of view. This standard also applies to talk shows, where Vermont Public Radio believes that the public trust is best served with a non-partisan host, who is a professional journalist and whose goal it is to shine a bright light on important topics of the day. VPR supports energetic examination of issues, robust questioning and balance.

Regional point of view and opinion is provided in VPR's Commentary Series. This series illuminates the diverse points of view of our region. A variety of voices is sought to represent a broad spectrum of ideas. New voices are added regularly to provide continuing new insight and creativity in the series. The goal is to encourage an energetic and civil dialogue without personal attacks. The series strives for balance of opinion immediately and over time. Commentators must make their point with the highest regard for the facts.

VPR News attempts to provide an intelligent approach to news, talk shows and opinion. Ultimately, VPR recognizes that in reporting the news there is more than one side to any story, and listeners expect that VPR, as a public radio station, will always strive for an honest and accurate presentation of the facts in every circumstance.

VPR Programming Policy

As an independent and non-partisan source of news and programming for the region, our goal is to select and create broadcast and digital content that meets the broad expectations of our listeners, donors, friends and neighbors.

The VPR Board of Directors delegates the day-to-day operation of the stations (with its various content choices) to the full-time, professional staff of hosts, reporters, producers, editors, and managers. Their responsibility is to offer content of the highest quality that reflects the communities VPR serves, while maintaining the core values of public radio.

The VPR Community Forum is a statutory resource that meets regularly as a group in locations across the listening area and provides important feedback to the organization about content.

This programming model has served the organization well since 1977, and it is reflected in the significant audiences, stable funding and broad community involvement that Vermont Public Radio is privileged to enjoy.

Here are the broad criteria that we look at in the selection and creation of specific regional, national and international broadcast and digital content.

VPR Purpose and Mission: The station’s goals are informed by the strategic plan, which is updated annually and adopted by the VPR Board of Directors. All content selected and created is aimed at meeting the goals and objectives as outlined in the plan.

Professional Evaluation:  We pursue content that is relevant and interesting to our audience. News and information needs to meet the highest standards of editorial integrity and independence. Our music programs must meet the highest standards of creativity, accessibility and discovery.

Independence:  To maintain its independence and integrity, which is paramount, VPR has established a firewall so that all VPR content is free from influence.

Diversity: When selecting and producing content, VPR will deliberately involve a diversity of perspectives and seek out programs, digital content and audience engagement that are inclusive of all segments of our audience and potential audience.

Audience Research: VPR uses professional radio research tools and data to evaluate and measure audience trends within the region. National research is also an important factor.

Program Availability: The professional reputation and ability of producers to deliver consistently high quality content, in a timely manner, with fundraising and promotion support, are essential.

Market Factors: When selecting and producing content we take into account the variety of services, both commercial and non-commercial, which are available throughout the listening area.

Content Expense:  The cost of acquiring network content or producing local content can vary widely. VPR must always consider the cost of a project in order to stay within its annual budget.

Audience Comments:  Audience responses to programming are evaluated regularly. Audience members contact VPR each week by telephone, letter, voice message, social media and e-mail. Email correspondence is posted for all staff to read. In all cases our principal goal is that each member of our audience will receive an appropriate and timely response.

Partnerships: VPR may enter into partnerships in order to connect with the community and encourage audience participation in the production of content. These partnerships, which must also adhere to VPR’s Programming Policy, may involve community outreach as well as formal agreements with independent content producers.

VPR Classical's Mission and Programming Philosophy

VPR Classical provides a vibrant and relevant local connection to the timeless beauty and power of classical music. The music is consistently of the highest quality and substance, and it is programmed thoughtfully with deep respect for listeners' lifestyles, values, and worldly curiosity.  

Our hosts are welcoming whether you're a casual or passionate classical music  fan. Each performance, artist, and composer brings a unique perspective and we share that sense of discovery and delight with you. VPR Classical frequently hosts interviews and studio concerts with local and visiting artists in the area in an effort to further our service as a vital performing arts resource in this community. We are committed to keep listeners connected to the thriving arts and performance opportunities our region provides. 

VPR Classical embraces music as a living art form.  We program entire works, with a broad and deep repertoire that includes vocal (choral and opera) and contemporary music.  We respect and include new artists (musicians and composers) and recordings whose perspectives reflect the exciting, ever-changing landscape of styles and performance practice.

Our hosts provide intelligent context for the music - giving listeners the opportunity to consider what was happening culturally or politically at the time a piece was written, and to learn about the background or motivation for the particular piece or recording. Commentary is conversational, personal, inspired, and directly related to the music. We understand listeners come to VPR Classical for the music.

We strive for excellence in our music choices and individual insight and unique perspective in our comments.

VPR Diversity Statement

(updated as of November 2016)

To be an essential and trusted independent voice for news, information, music and cultural exploration, it is particularly important that VPR reflect the diversity of the communities we serve - today and into the future. As part of our Mission, one of VPR’s core values is “seeking diversity in our personnel, our content, and our listeners, and committing to inclusiveness.”

We know diversity as all the differences that make us unique, including but not limited to race, color, ethnicity, language, nationality, sexual orientation, religion, gender, gender identity, socioeconomic status, geography, years of service, educational attainment, marital status, military or veteran status, age, physical and mental differences, and varied political beliefs. These identities are not an exclusive definition of diversity, but they guide VPR to be aware of the rich distinctions of people’s experience and identity that should be reflected in VPR’s policies and content. We view inclusiveness and an inclusive environment as one where people feel welcome and see themselves as valued and understood.

VPR is a proud equal opportunity employer. We work diligently to recruit a broad pool of candidates, enabling us to hire and promote qualified individuals whose personal experiences, characteristics, and talents reasonably reflect the diversity of the communities served by VPR. 


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as reported to the Corporation for Public Broadcasting on February 15, 2016

VPR’s Board of Directors is committed to having a diverse membership to ensure that VPR provides the strongest possible public service to our audience. Similarly, VPR’s Community Advisory Board (Community Forum) continues to emphasize diversity so it may provide the fullest perspective and voice for our audience.

Board of Directors

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as reported to the Corporation for Public Broadcasting on February 15, 2016

FY15 Diversity Goal statement:

VPR’s plans for the coming year include follow up training for staff; expanding our sources for recruitment of staff and Board of Directors; conducting an inventory of voices on the air to establish a starting point for our progress moving forward; and sourcing outside of our accustomed pool of experts and voices in the community.

Report on VPR's FY15 Diversity Goals:

Follow up training for staff: Two VPR staff members attended the Annual Vermont Vision for a Multicultural Future Educational Conference in November. Afterwards, they hosted a well-attended debriefing ‘brown bag’ session for staff, prompting a dynamic discussion about diversity, equality and fairness in our community, the workplace, and the service we provide listeners.

Expanding sources for recruitment of staff: VPR researched organizations that post employment opportunities to various demographic groups and doubled the number of potential outlets for our job postings. Our Human Resources Manager also attended job fairs for veterans and college students.

In addition, VPR has employed one developmentally challenged individual and provided another with an internship experience to help them build practical job skills.

Conducted an inventory of voices on air: We inventoried the programming (both talk and music) that VPR had aired in the previous year and listed the demographics from which the programs were derived or represented. This list included most of the groups identified in VPR’s Diversity statement. The exercise brought to light the groups that have been represented and groups that are under-represented, such as voices from rural and low income Vermonters. It serves as a benchmark to observe future coverage.

VPR News and Vermont Edition have sought to include issues of unique relevance to diverse communities in planning and editorial decisions, deliberately seeking out a diversity of voices. Series, stories and programs that have explored issues of relevance to diverse communities include: Making Ends Meet, a series which presented how one low income family is coping in today’s economy; VPR’s year-long coverage of opiate abuse, including personal stories of addiction; various stories on issues of race; how new Vermonters are adapting to American culture; and services offered to the disabled.

In addition, VPR’s arts coverage has added the voices of veterans, young people, new Americans, people with disabilities and several different ethnic backgrounds.

We have a strong desire to include a greater diversity of voices and perspectives in our news content and we are developing plans for the next fiscal year to address the challenges of reaching out to new communities.

FY16 Diversity Goal Statement:

VPR will continue building awareness and taking action to promote fairness and inclusiveness in our culture, staffing and service to our listeners. Our Human Resources Department will attend job fairs that attract a diverse pool of employees.  VPR will add statements about respect for inclusiveness to our job descriptions and application process. We will hold at least two staff training and discussion events during the year.  We will expand our sources for recruitment of members of the Board of Directors and the Community Forum. VPR will continue to assess our broadcast, digital, social media and listener engagement outreach, striving to expand the communities we serve and bring new voices to our programming and news coverage.

VPR Diversity FY16 Annual Initiative Review

VPR will continue building awareness and taking action to promote fairness and inclusiveness in our culture, staffing and service to our listeners. VPR will attend job fairs that attract a diverse pool of employees and add statements about respect for inclusiveness to our job application process.

  • This year VPR attended the Tech Jam and the Vermont Business Expo to position VPR as an employer to a wide variety of people. VPR posted employment opportunities on a wider range of sites to broaden the net in the search for candidates.
  • We added this question to our job application: “VPR is especially interested in candidates who can contribute to the diversity and excellence of the organization. Applicants are required to include in their cover letter information about how they will further this goal.”  We removed the self-reporting questions on ethnicity as well as criminal history from the application.

We will hold at least two staff training and discussion events during the year.

  • We held three events, including hosting teachers and students from Edmunds Middle School in Burlington to talk about their experiences with The Race Card Project in their school.  We held a meeting for the three staff who attended the Vermont Vision for a Multicultural Future Conference to share their takeaways.
  • We held an all-staff meeting to discuss the article “What to do if Your Workplace is Too White” by Stephanie Foo (Transom, 2015).   

We will expand sources for recruitment of members of the Board of Directors and Community Forum.

  • For the Community Forum (Community Advisory Board), we engaged new recruitment strategies such as putting posters in a variety of places around the state where they might be seen by a diverse group of people, and we added this question on our application form: "How would you see yourself contributing to the cultural diversity of VPR?"
  • The Board of Directors looked for new candidates who bring diverse experience and points of view that come from factors such as race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, socioeconomic status, veteran status, disability, religion, and more. We narrowed the gender gap, and strong female candidates will help achieve and maintain a healthy balance. In FY16 the board elected two new members who add to the diversity of age on the board, including the addition of the youngest board member at 35 years old.

VPR will continue to assess our broadcast, digital, social media and listener engagement outreach, striving to expand the communities we serve and bring new voices to our content.

  • There was significant growth in audience driven storytelling this year, allowing for new ideas, voices and stories.  This included asking listeners what they want to know about the Iowa Caucuses, the Republican and Democratic Conventions, and what questions they want answered via VPR’s newest podcast, Brave Little State. Reporters and producers are now actively seeking experts outside the regulars, and look for people affected by the story instead of officials talking for or about them.  This year, VPR’s news “themes” included “demographics and diversity” in addition to topics such as the environment, politics and education.

VPR Diversity FY17 Annual Initiative

VPR will continue building awareness and taking action to promote fairness and inclusiveness in our culture, staffing and service to our listeners.  This year VPR will continue our work in identifying and attracting qualified, diverse new hires and hope to see an increase in qualified diverse candidates. We will also provide formal training and education for our management and staff members on diversity and related topics.

VPR Ethics and Conduct Policy

1. Introduction

Vermont Public Radio holds the public's trust as a news source, and as an integral community and cultural institution in the region. VPR's employees are the backbone of the services the station provides, and their personal and professional excellence reflects on the station and contributes to VPR's reputation.

This policy embodies a spirit of trust that VPR has in its staff to protect and elevate the station's community reputation, and it reflects the trust that the community has in the services provided by VPR. All employees of the station are expected to uphold and reinforce these expectations to avoid conflicts of interest and to protect their own personal and community interests.

2. Purpose

Our purpose for authoring a code of ethics and conduct policy is to protect/enhance VPR's credibility and reputation as a news and cultural public institution. This policy will serve as an umbrella policy of clear ethical and behavioral standards, as well as a guide for business behavior to ensure ethical conduct.

3. Scope

This policy applies to full- and part-time employees of Vermont Public Radio. Certain employees/departments may be held to additional standards and expectations as communicated by Department heads.

Journalism is at the core of VPR's mission and values, and the NPR News Code of Ethics, NPR News Social Media Guidelines, VPR Editorial Policy, and other standing policies of VPR, clearly communicate the expectations of all news and programming employees.

4. Policy

Officers and Managers Commitment to Ethics

  • Officers and Managers of Vermont Public Radio will set a prime example. In all business practice, honesty and integrity will be a top priority for officers and managers.
  • Officers and managers will have an open door policy and welcome suggestions and concerns from employees. This will allow employees to feel comfortable discussing any issues and will alert officers and managers to concerns within the work force.
  • Officers and managers will disclose any conflict of interests regarding their position at Vermont Public Radio.

All Employees Commitment to Ethics

  • Vermont Public Radio employees will treat everyone fairly, have mutual respect, promote a team environment, and avoid the intent and appearance of unethical or compromising practices.
  • Every employee must apply effort and intelligence in maintaining this commitment.
  • Employees must disclose any conflict of interests with regard to their position at Vermont Public Radio.

Political activities, community activism, volunteering, and public comment:

  • These activities may be permitted, on a case by case basis, as long as they don't pose a conflict or the appearance of a conflict, or reflect badly on VPR, including online.
  • Employees must take measures to ensure their activities are clearly personal and not a reflection on VPR. Examples of this include not identifying oneself as a VPR employee in a way that would lead to confusion, and not wearing VPR gear when involved in a situation that could reflect poorly on VPR.

Honoraria, talent fees and gifts:

  • All Employees of Vermont Public Radio are responsible for familiarizing themselves with the current policies on Honoraria, talent fees and gifts.

Outside Employment:

  • All Employees of Vermont Public Radio are responsible for familiarizing themselves with the current policies on Outside Employment.

Social Media/Networking: The NPR News Social Media Guidelines established in fall 2009 are comprehensive and reflect VPR's thinking about social media participation. The following wording is borrowed liberally from that policy and applies to all VPR employees:

  • Employees must recognize that everything written or received on a social media site is public. Anyone with access to the web can get access to activity on social media sites. Regardless of how careful employees are in trying to keep them separate, professional and personal lives overlap in the online world.
  • Employees should use the highest level of privacy tools available to control access to personal activity when appropriate. However, those tools are not full proof and the possibility exists for someone to hack those tools and make public private information. Employees should not be complacent with their online activity.
  • Employees shall conduct themselves in social media forums with an eye to how their behavior or comments might appear if VPR was called upon to defend them as a news organization. In other words, employees should not behave any differently online than they would in any other public setting.
  • While VPR strongly encourages linking to VPR.net, employees may not repost VPR copyrighted material to social networks without prior permission. For example, it is okay to link from a blog or Facebook profile to an employee's story on the VPR site, but the full text or audio should not be copied onto a personal site or Web page. 
  • Remember that the terms of service of a social media site apply to what is posted and gathered on that site. The terms might allow for material that an employee posts to be used in a different way than intended. Additionally, law enforcement officials may be able to obtain by subpoena anything posted or gathered on a site without consent -- or perhaps even the knowledge of the person who made the posting.
  • Employees must not advocate for political or other polarizing issues online. This extends to joining online groups or using social media in any form (including a Facebook page or a personal blog) to express personal views on a political or other controversial issue.
  • An employee's simple participation in some online groups could be seen to indicate that they endorse the views expressed by that group. Employees should consider whether they can accomplish the same purposes by just observing a group's activity, rather than becoming a member. If an employee does join a group, it should be made clear that it's to seek information or story ideas. And if an employee "friends" or joins a group representing one side of an issue, do so for a group representing the competing viewpoint, when reasonable to do so.
  • Realize that social media communities have their own culture, etiquette, and norms, and be respectful of them.
  • If writing about meetings and gatherings at VPR - employees should always ask first if the forum is on or off the record before distributing information or content about it.

And a final caution - when in doubt, an employee should consult with their direct supervisor or a member of the Senior Staff. Social media is a very dynamic environment, and VPR fully expects that this section of this policy will be revised as needed.

Company Awareness

  • Promotion of ethical conduct within interpersonal communications of employees will be rewarded.
  • Vermont Public Radio will promote a trustworthy and honest atmosphere to reinforce the vision of ethics within the company.

Maintaining Ethical Practices

  • Vermont Public Radio will reinforce the importance of the integrity message and the tone will start at the top. Every employee, manager, and director will consistently maintain an ethical stance and support ethical behavior.
  • Employees at Vermont Public Radio should encourage open dialogue, get honest feedback and treat everyone fairly, with honesty and objectivity.
  • Vermont Public Radio reserves the right to decide what's a conflict and what's not, and that determination will be final.

Unethical Behavior

  • Vermont Public Radio will avoid the intent and appearance of unethical or compromising practice in relationships, actions and communications.
  • Vermont Public Radio will not tolerate harassment or discrimination.
  • Unauthorized use of company materials, confidential information, donor lists, or technical information integral to the success of VPR will not be tolerated.
  • Vermont Public Radio will not permit impropriety at any time and we will act ethically and responsibly in accordance with laws.
  • Vermont Public Radio employees will not use business relationships for personal gain.
  • Vermont Public Radio's President and CEO shall have the sole authority to determine if there has been an infraction of this policy and/or if unethical behavior has taken place.

5. Enforcement

  • Any infractions of this code of ethics will not be tolerated and Vermont Public Radio will act quickly in correcting the issue if the ethical code is broken.
  • Any employee found to have violated this policy may be subject to disciplinary action, up to and including termination of employment.

NPR's Ethics Handbook