President Barack Obama signed the federal GMO labeling law on Friday. The national law mandates that food manufacturers label most foods with GMO ingredients. 

A bag of potato chips with a GMO label.
Kathleen Masterson / VPR

President Obama is expected to sign a federal GMO labeling bill into law soon. This would nullify Vermont's labeling law, as well as laws passed by Connecticut and Maine that have not been enacted yet — effective immediately.

Kathleen Masterson / VPR file

Congress has passed a national GMO labeling bill that would nullify Vermont's labeling law, which went into effect July 1. 

After months of bargaining and backroom arguments, the Senate has voted in favor of a new national standard for labeling food that contains ingredients from genetically modified crops. The essence of the deal: Companies will have to disclose their GMO ingredients, but they won't have to put that information right on the label.

Many food companies are fiercely opposed to such GMO labels because they believe consumers will perceive them — incorrectly — as a warning that those products are nutritionally inferior or even unsafe to eat.

A bag of potato chips with a GMO label.
Kathleen Masterson / VPR

The U.S. Senate on Wednesday took the first step to pass legislation that would overturn Vermont's law that requires the labeling of food that contains genetically modified ingredients. The proposed federal bill would prohibit individual states from enacting their own GMO labeling standards.

A collage of food labels
Kathleen Masterson / VPR

Vermont’s GMO labeling law aims to provide consumers with more information, and yet it's just one of a growing number of food labels popping up on grocery shelves.

Peter Hirschfeld / VPR

Vermont has became the first state in the nation to require special labeling for foods made with genetically modified ingredients. But even as lawmakers enact new GMO regulations, this state’s agriculture sector is wholeheartedly embracing the use of GMO crops. And a new report suggests that the use of herbicides has gone up drastically as a result.

Bob Kinzel / VPR

As Vermont's first in-the-nation GMO labeling law goes into effect, the U.S. Senate may take up a federal bill that critics say would preempt state legislation and be much less clear to consumers.

Peter Hirschfeld / VPR

On Friday afternoon, about 200 Vermonters celebrated a state law that requires special labels for foods made with genetically modified ingredients.

Kathleen Masterson / VPR file

While the terms “GMO” and “genetic engineering” carry some stigma for certain audiences, to scientists simply agreeing on a definition of what counts as genetically engineered — and what doesn’t — isn’t so straightforward.  

GMOs, or genetically modified organisms, are a controversial topic in food. Supporters of GMO crops say they boost the food supply and lower costs of food when seeds are engineered with resistance to pests. Critics of GMOs say the foods themselves are bad for human health and the environment.

The National Academy of Sciences — probably the country's most prestigious scientific group — has reaffirmed its judgment that GMOs are safe to eat. But the group's new report struck a different tone from previous ones, with much more space devoted to concerns about genetically modified foods, including social and economic ones.

JulianneGentry /

A key player in the U.S. food industry has asked a federal court to overturn Vermont’s first-in-the-nation GMO labeling law. And lawyers for Vermont are now using that lawsuit to try to gain access to internal studies on GMOs done by Monsanto, DuPont and other corporations.

Damian Dovarganes / AP

It's been almost two years since Governor Peter Shumlin signed Vermont's GMO Bill into law. And we're now just a few months away from it going into effect.

With the law close at hand, several large food manufacturers have decided to add GMO labels to their products or have changed to GMO-free ingredients.

Petegar / iStock

A federal judge has rejected the food industry's attempt to temporarily stop the state from implementing a law requiring labels on foods made with genetically modified ingredients (GMOs).

But U.S. District Judge Christina Reiss has not thrown the industry's case out altogether, meaning it is likely to go to trial.  

Jane Lindholm / VPR

Last year, the Vermont Legislature passed a law requiring most food produced with genetically modified ingredients to be labeled by 2016. There are ongoing legal fights surrounding that law, but some small Vermont producers are already working to figure out how to comply.

Toby Talbot / AP Photo

Last spring the legislature passed a law requiring foods that contain genetically modified organisms – or GMOs- to be labeled. That labeling will go into effect in 2016, and the details of how that labeling would work were left up to the Attorney General to figure out.

The AG’s office has just released an early draft proposal of the GMO labeling rules. And the office is holding meetings around the state this week to give manufacturers, farmers, grocers, and regular citizens a chance to take a sneak peek.

Matthias Rietschel / AP

"It's been a long summer," says Frank Cioffi of the Greater Burlington Industrial Corporation, referring the long-awaited announcement that IBM is offloading its microchip manufacturing division, which includes the IBM plant in Essex Junction, to GlobalFoundries. We look at why IBM is paying Global Foundries $1.5 billion over three years to take over that business, what it means for employees,  and the impact on the state's economy.

Last spring, the legislature passed a law requiring foods that contain genetically modified organisms, or GMO's, to be labeled. That labeling will go into effect in 2016 and the Attorney General's office has been working to come up with rules for what the labels will look like.

The state has just released a draft proposal of those rules and is holding informal meetings around the state this week to get public feedback.

RonOrmanJr / Thinkstock

On busy summer weekends at the Ben and Jerry's Factory in Waterbury, crowded tours leave every 10 minutes. Tourists from all over the world laugh at the peppy video explaining the origins of the quirky ice cream company and groan at the tour guides' bad cow puns. After the tour of the factory floor, they wander up to the "Flavor Graveyard," where combinations that didn't make the cut are put to rest under the shade of big trees. Each "gravestone" eulogizes the flavor-gone-by.